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約會篇

2010-7-18 00:50| 發佈者: highyun| 查看: 14966| 評論: 2555|原作者: 粵語協會|來自: 本站原創

开篇导言:工余时间常常会相约朋友、同事参加社交活动以增进友谊,本篇就几个情景介绍一些约会相关的用语。

(一)打麻雀
情景:邀请一位朋友加入你的活动。
甲:今晚得唔得闲啊?——今晚有空吗?
乙:都得嘅。咩事啊?——应该有吧,什么事?
甲:我约咗三姑同六婆打麻雀,唔够脚,你过埋嚟玩啦。——我约了三姑和六婆打麻将,人不够,你也过来一起玩吧。
解释:“都得嘅[ge2]”,指不太肯定的语气,常用作一些不太落实的答复。“唔够脚”是指开展一项多人活动时人数不够,其中的“脚”就是“人脚,人”的意思。

(二)踢波
情景:约朋友踢足球。
甲:呢个周末有咩节目啊?——这个周末有什么节目?
乙:阿标约我哋踢波,你有冇兴趣啊?——阿标约我们踢球,你有兴趣去吗?
甲:唔喇,我只脚伤咗重未好。——不去了,我的脚伤还没好。
解释:“唔喇”实际上是一种省略形式的回答,在上句中是“我唔去踢波喇”的省略。又例如:“去唔去消夜?”“唔喇,夜喇。(不去了,太晚了)”

(三)睇电影(上)
情景:邀请朋友看电影,对方拒绝。
甲:我有两张电影飞,听晚一齐去睇好唔好?——我有两张电影票,明晚一起去看好吗?
乙:咩戏先?——是看什么电影?
甲:阿凡达。——阿凡达。
乙:我上星期经已睇咗啦。——我上星期就看过了。
解释:“先”用在这个句子中,表达了“我首先要知道是什么电影才能回答你去不去看”的意思,也就是引出“看电影”的前提条件。另外,“已经”,在粤语中也可以说成“经已”。

(四)睇电影(下)
情景:约朋友看电影时,若对方感兴趣,则要双方确定入场时间。
乙:正啊!我想睇咗好耐架喇。几点场啊?——太好了!我一直都想看,什么时候开场?
甲:八点开场,我哋七点十一(个字)喺东升戏院门口等。——八点开场,我们七点五十五分在东升戏院门口等。
乙:咁迟,入到去都开咗场,七点九啦,好唔好?——太晚了,进场后都开始了,九点四十五好吗?
解释:“正”可以形容物品很好,比如“正嘢”,也可以形容事情很好,如上面句子中用法,普通話從粵語的“正”引申出“正點”一詞。“几点场”就是“哪个时间的场次”。

(五)食饭
情景:找人陪自己吃饭。
甲:我屋企下面新开咗间寿司店,今晚陪我去食咯。——我下楼下新开了一间寿司店,今晚陪我去吃吧。
乙:我要七点先走得喎。——我要七点才能走。
甲:唔紧要啦,七点钟我喺你公司门口等你。——不要紧,七点钟我在你公司门口等你。
乙:见你咁有诚意,好啦!——看你这么有诚意,答应你吧!
解释:注意“见你……”的句式,意思是“看你……的份上”,又例如“见你以前帮过我,我而家帮返你”。“唔紧要”是“没关系,没有什么大不了”的意思,“紧要”就是“要紧”。

(六)预埋你
情景:约人参加活动时,通常有人关心还有哪些人会去,以下便是一个例子。
甲:坚哥话听晚请我哋唱K喎。——坚哥说明天请我们唱卡拉OK。
乙:有边个去先?——有谁去?
甲:我啦,华仔啦,重有阿刚啦,我哋预埋你口架喇。——我、华仔、还有阿刚,我们也算上你一份了。
解释:乙所讲一句隐含“你得先告诉我有谁去我才能决定去不去”之意,“先”的用法在前几期已介绍过。第三句中“啦”用于列举,此用法在粤语中很常用,又如“呢度好多好嘢食,有鲍鱼啦,龙虾啦,鱼翅啦……”


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